Lal Bahadur Shastri died on 11 January 1966, at the age of 61. [29] Indira's son Rajiv Gandhi was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously after he was assassinated by LTTE in 1991. [2] In December 2011, the rules were changed to include "any field of human endeavour". The Solicitor General noted that to confer the award per the appropriate regulations pertaining to the Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, the name of the recipient must be published in The Gazette of India and entered in the recipients register maintained under the direction of the President. He is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal", Dhondo Keshav Karve (1958) - Educator, social reformer, Govind Ballabh Pant (1957) - Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru (1955) - Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister, Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (1955) - Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore, Bhagwan Das (1955) - Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth, Radhakrishnan (1954) - Philosopher, India''s First Vice President (1952-1962), and India''s Second President(1962-1967), C. V. Raman(1954) - Physicist from Madras and a Nobel laureate, C Rajagopalachari(1954) - Independence activist, last and the only Indian Governor-General of India, Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines, and newsletters. Share on Facebook Tweet it Share on Google Pin it Share it Email The VC or any other senior official of the central university could not be reached for comments. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen – Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians: Abdul Ghaffar Khan (born in British India and later citizen of Pakistan) and Nelson Mandela, born in and citizen of South Africa. They are published either once or d →, Founded on: 7 April 1948. Jayaprakash Narayan. [13][24][25][26][27], Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. [44][45] Similarly in 2015, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision to award Madan Mohan Malaviya, who died in 1946, met with criticism. Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946, at the age of 84. Rupa Publications. [44], A few of the conferments have been criticised for honouring personalities only after they received global recognition. The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President. "The alleged objective of … Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen has been awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the land. Sudipta Bhattacharya, president of the … In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. The recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion without any monetary grant. He was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu during 1977–80, 1980–84 and 1985–87; and founder of Indian political party. [34] Other High Courts as well rejected the petitions raised against Rao and Tendulkar. The embossed sun burst design, made of platinum, on the obverse side of the medal has a diameter of 5⁄8 inch (16 mm) with rays spreading out from 5⁄6 inch (21 mm) to 1⁄2 inch (13 mm) from the center of the Sun. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. New Delhi: "Despotic and authoritarian" is how Nobel Laureate and Bharat Ratna Amartya Sen describes the decision to abruptly ban 500- and 1000-rupee notes. A Division bench comprising Chief Justice D.H. Waghela and Justice B.V. Nagarathna dismissed the petition stating that the subject is not amenable to any adjudication process and the nominations and conferment process is stated to be informal and in the discretion of the highest authority in the Government. SANTINIKETAN: Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen on Tuesday responded to Visva-Bharati vice-chancellor Bidyut Chakraborty’s reported comments about him, made at an online faculty meeting last week, calling the remarks “absurd”. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 14:01. This claim is not completely true as the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad confessed to have decided to confer this award on Nehru suo motu. He worked on the causes of famine and developed practical solutions for preventing shortages of … [16], Following the announcement, in November 2013, that C. N. R. Rao and Sachin Tendulkar were to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, multiple PILs were filed challenging the conferring of the award. The current medal is in the shape of a peepal leaf, approximately 2 5⁄16 inches (59 mm) long, 1 7⁄8 inches (48 mm) wide and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick and rimmed in platinum. This design was altered after a year. Following a 1997 Supreme Court decision, the press communiqué announcing Bose's award was cancelled; it is the only time when the award was announced but not conferred. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. Amartya Sen Biography . [24] The petitioner took objection to the conferral of the award and its posthumous mention of Bose, saying that honouring a personality higher than the award is "ridiculous", and it was an act of "carelessness" to classify such a person with past and future recipients. That year, three living Brahmins — C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and C.V. Raman — were recognised. Rajiv Gandhi died on 21 May 1991, at the age of 46. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution. Sachin Tendulkar, at the age of 40, became the youngest person and first sportsperson to receive the honour. 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