南西部および西部オーストラリアは生物多様性の主要な中心であって、バンクシアの4分の3以上の種はこの地域にのみ産する。 東部オーストラリアには、産する種ははるかに少ないが、もっともよく知られていて、広く分布している種、コースト・バンクシア (B. integrifolia) とシルバー・バンクシア (B. marginata) が含まれる。, バンクシアの多くの種は砂質の土壌でよく生育し、他のものは岩の多い土壌を好む。 [9] Alternate common names include honeysuckle and dwarf honeysuckle. Description: Depending on its habitat, this species can vary in form from a dense shrub 1.8m tall and spreading 4m, to a tree growing to 12m in Height:. The plant was often used by many indigenous clans and tribes throughout the east coast of Australia. 他の種は2つの地理的区分に分布している。南西部および西部オーストラリアと東部オーストラリアである。 [6] Established plants can withstand drought, coastal exposure and temperatures as low as −10 °C (14 °F). [34] It is extremely rare in southwestern New South Wales. This distinctive native tree is found on the east coast of Australia. [5] The bark is pale grey and initially smooth before becoming finely tessellated with age. Plants do not appear to live longer than 25 years;[62][63] after this time the ageing plants begin to die and are succeeded by younger plants arising from suckers around the parent. seminudaとB. Hedge/Screen from Melbourne wholesale advanced plant nursery, specialising in advanced and semi-advanced container grown plants, trees & shrubs. Salkin proposed this was necessary so that seed released in a summer or autumn bushfire would lie dormant over the winter months before germinating in the spring. It is found on the major islands of Bass Strait, including King, Flinders and Cape Barren Islands. [6] The leaves are alternately arranged on the stems on 2–5 mm long petioles, and characteristically toothed in juvenile or younger leaves (3–7 cm [1.2–2.8 in] long). dentata. The leaves can have spiky or smooth margins. [36] Stands of plants intermediate between B. integrifolia and B. marginata have been recorded near Mallacoota in East Gippsland. When selecting hedges always select species that will thrive in your soil type and available sunlight. I have clay and am growing 5, all doing well. Spathulatae for the taxa having spoon-shaped cotyledons; thus B. subg. The collection was displayed in various exhibitions, including the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889, and is housed at the Melbourne Museum. [49] There is no macrofossil record for the species, so it is unclear whether it is a recent introduction from the mainland or has only recently evolved, although its presence on both the mainland and Tasmania suggests it has been present since the Pleistocene. Banksia patula R.Br. Originally described by Antonio José Cavanilles in 1800, further collections of B. marginata were designated as several separate species by Robert Brown in 1810. [51], Numerous species of birds have been observed foraging and feeding at the flowers; these include rainbow lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), musk lorikeet (Glossopsitta concinna), purple-crowned lorikeet (G. porphyrocephala), double-eyed fig-parrot (Cyclopsitta diophthalma), red wattlebird (Anthochaera carunculata), little wattlebird (A. chrysoptera), yellow wattlebird (A. paradoxa), spiny-cheeked honeyeater (Acanthagenys rufogularis), yellow-faced honeyeater (Lichenostomus chrysops), singing honeyeater (Lichenostomus virescens), white-plumed honeyeater (L. penicillatus), black-chinned honeyeater (Melithreptus gularis), brown-headed honeyeater (M. brevirostris), white-naped honeyeater (M. lunatus), crescent honeyeater (Phylidonyris pyrrhoptera), New Holland honeyeater (P. novaehollandiae), tawny-crowned honeyeater (Gliciphila melanops), eastern spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris), noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala), silvereye (Zosterops lateralis) and thornbills (Acanthiza species). integrifoliaはどちらも森林に生える。, 多くの種は海岸では生育が良好ではないが、ごく最近記載されたB. dentataでオーストラリア北部からニューギニア、アルー諸島 (Aru Islands) に広がっている。 B. marginata's placement within Banksia may be summarised as follows: Since 1998, American botanist Austin Mast and co-authors have been publishing results of ongoing cladistic analyses of DNA sequence data for the subtribe Banksiinae, which then comprised genera Banksia and Dryandra. 庭木で一般的なものには、ワラム・バンクシア (Wallum Banksia, B. aemula) 、ソー・バンクシア (Saw Banksia, B. serrata) と園芸品種のバンクシア・ジャイアントキャンドルズ (Banksia 'Giant Candles') などがある。 [4] Shrubs reach only 2 m (6.6 ft) high in Gibraltar Range National Park. 蜜は養蜂業者が求めるものではあるが、それは蜜の品質ではなく、他の蜜源が足りないときに豊富な蜜を提供するからである。, バンクシアの材は赤色で魅力的な組織をしているが、乾燥のときにひどく変形するのであまり使われることはない。 The narrow adult leaves are dull green in colour and generally linear, oblong or wedge-shaped (cuneate) and measure 1.5–6 cm (0.6–2.4 in) long and 0.3–1.3 cm (0.1–0.5 in) wide. No distinct subspecies have been recognised by Banksia expert Alex George, who nonetheless concedes that further work is needed. 松ぼっくりのような果実の集合体は輪切りにしてコースターとして、海外からの観光客相手の土産物になっている。, 南西オーストラリアの原住民は花から蜜を吸う。また、材の中の甲虫の幼虫を食用にする。, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=バンクシア&oldid=62586277. [74] Alf Salkin reported a form from Kanangra Walls with a peach-tinged limb as having horticultural potential, as well as a prostrate form from Cape Liptrap in Victoria. [7] The cotyledons of Banksia marginata, B. paludosa and B. integrifolia are very similar in appearance. Banksia marginata ‘Minimarg’ A very tough dwarf Banksia that adapts well to a wide range of soil and climate types. [22] Brown's other collections which were reduced to synonymy with B. marginata were Banksia depressa R.Br., a prostrate shrub from Margate Rivulet in southeastern Tasmania, Banksia insularis R.Br., from Flinders and King Island, and Banksia patula R.Br., a shrub from the vicinity of Port Lincoln, South Australia. Banksia marginata [LOCAL] Large shrub to small tree 3-5mH x 2-3mW with silver backed leaves and yellow flowers in autumn and winter. It was grown at Kew, Cambridge Botanic Gardens, Woburn Abbey and private gardens in Chelsea, Hackney and Haringay House. Banksia marginata bright used as an semi formal hedge cal ecology and are listed as environmental weeds by our local council. Banksia marginata Buxus sempervirens Dodonea viscosa Grevillea 'Murray Queen' Jovellana violacea Kolkwitzia amabilis Kunzea ambigua Laurus nobilis 'Sweet Bay' … [25], In 1870, George Bentham published a thorough revision of Banksia in his landmark publication Flora Australiensis. He split the genus into two subgenera, placing these species in subgenus Banksia verae, the "True Banksias". penicillata at the site of an old abandoned railway between Newnes and Clarence in the Blue Mountains has been recorded; a single B. marginata plant was surrounded by plants with intermediate features but more strongly resembling B. conferta subsp. [8] Leaves also have sunken stomates. It naturally forms a good rounded shape, and pruning after flowering will encourage and even more dense habit. proteoidの根が土壌の肥料の多さで損傷を受けるためである。, 種苗産業以外では、バンクシアは商業価値はあまりない。 A field study found that seeds were dispersed short distances (generally 8 m [26 ft] or less), with those closest to the parent plant faring the best. 葉は枝に不規則ならせん状に並ぶのが普通だが、いくつかの種では輪生に集まる。, バンクシアはその特徴的な穂状花序と、花の後にできる木質の果実によって容易に認識できる。花序は柔毛質の覆いのある木質の軸でできている。通常は直立しているが、いくつかの種では垂下している。これは、軸に対して直角に着いた、密に配列した花によって覆われる。単一の花序で1000以上の花が含まれる。, バンクシアの花は通常は黄色の色調を持つが、橙色、赤や桃色の花もある。花の色は花被または花柱によって決まる。花柱は花被よりかなり長く、初期には花被の上部で引っかかる。数日かけて上部から、または下部(の花)から離れていく。花柱と花被の色が異なっている場合、花序の上と下で花の色が異なって見える効果をもたらす。, 時間が経つと、花は乾燥していき褐色の色調が強くなる。いくつかの種では古い花は脱落し、柔毛質の軸が現れる。他の種では数年にわたって花は宿存し、毛の生えた花序の姿が残る。古い花序は球果(厳密にはソテツと球果類のみにある)とよばれる。, 花序が巨大で花の数が多いにもかかわらず、果実をつけるものは少数で、全く果実をつけない花序もある。バンクシアの果実は「球果」に並んだ木質の袋果である。果実は水平に並んだ弁状の構造が種子を堅くつつんでいる。袋果は縫合から裂けて種子を放出するが、いくつかの種では弁も裂開する。果実は種子が熟したときに裂開するものもあるが、多くの種では山火事によって刺激を受けたときにのみ裂ける。袋果はふつうは小さな種子を二つ含んでおり、くさび形の紙質の翼をもっていて落下するときに回転するようになっている。, 1種を除きバンクシアはオーストラリアに固有である。 Suitable for low hedges, rockeries and as a general low mounding garden shrub. George (1999) もTheile and Ladiges (1996) もこれをB. [32], Hybridisation with Banksia conferta subsp. TREES SHRUBS HEDGE/SCREEN HEDGE/BORDER ACCENT/POTS CLIMBERS STRAP-LEAF GROUNDCOVERS LAWN ALTS. Bentham observed that the characteristics Brown used to define B. australis, B. depressa, B. patula, and B. insularis were unable to distinguish separate forms as more specimens came to light, and hence declared them synonyms of B. marginata. [12] In Victoria, it is predominantly coastal or near-coastal east of Traralgon, but in New South Wales it is absent from coastal areas in the Sydney region. [65], Tasmanian forms are frost tolerant at any time of year, which might explain some of their success in spreading and growing in different habitats around the island. [33] A hybrid with B. saxicola was recorded from Mount William during the Banksia Atlas project. [5] In the Sydney region, it grows in association with heath banksia (Banksia ericifolia), old man banksia (B. serrata), mountain devil (Lambertia formosa), lance-leaved geebung (Persoonia lanceolata) and dwarf apple (Angophora hispida) in heathland, and with silvertop ash (Eucalyptus sieberi), Blue Mountains ash (E. oreades), Sydney peppermint (E. piperita), scribbly gum (E. haemastoma), Blue Mountains mallee ash (E. stricta), brittle gum (E. mannifera), snow gum (E. pauciflora) and red bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera) in forested areas. Meissner divided Brown's Banksia verae, which had been renamed Eubanksia by Stephan Endlicher in 1847,[7] into four series based on leaf properties. This Australian native tree has a dense growth habit with long green leaves bearing silver undersides. 多くの種の葉縁は鋸歯をもつが、少数の、たとえばB. リバー・バンクシア (B. seminuda) は水系に沿った肥沃なroamを好む点で例外的である。 [24] Still more synonyms are Banksia ferrea Vent. [6], In the Gibraltar Range National Park, it is a dominant shrub of open heathland and a non-dominant shrub of closed heath,[40] mostly found in swampy heath associated with sedges. Banksia marginata is fine on clay soil, as long as it drains. Good as an informal hedge, screen or windbreak. [46] Similarly, further west in the Corangamite region, it is either a tree or suckering shrub. [37] In the Wombat State Forest west of Melbourne, it grows as a 1 to 2 m (3.3 to 6.6 ft) high shrub on less fertile soils, and as a large tree to 8 m (26 ft) on more fertile soils. [53] Ants, bees (both native and European honeybees), blowflies and brown butterflies have been recorded as visitors to flower spikes. Part 7b: Dicotyledon families Proteaceae to Rubiaceae", "Corangamite Region Guidelines: Banksia marginata", "A review of the biology and a new larval host plant for, "Timber Sample – Silver Banksia, Banksia marginata, Victoria, 1885", "Australian Native Plants as Bonsai – 2005", "Australian Native Plants as Bonsai – 2006", Department of the Environment and Heritage, Thiele and Ladiges' taxonomic arrangement of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banksia_marginata&oldid=994993301, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Inflorescence with unopened buds (left), opened flowers (right). As flowering cycles are not interrupted by regular pruning, an abundance of flowers and birds can also be enjoyed. [50] It grows in coastal habitats that would be occupied by Banksia integrifolia on the mainland. また、小型のボートの竜骨を作るのに使われてきた。 Others regenerate from underground lignotubers or suckers from lateral roots. しかし、George (1999) は以前にThiele and Ladiges (1996) によって種のレベルを与えられていた4分類群を種より下のランクに置いている。 [20] Robert Brown described 31 species of Banksia in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen, including six taxa (B. marginata α and β plus four further species) now attributable to B. marginata. Is generally fairly easy to grow in the Adelaide region longifolia and Westringia glabra as they 're also for... To make needles and the dried flowers were used to make needles and the dried were! Between Sydney and Parramatta including King, Flinders and Cape Barren islands regions! From seed suit it be seen in summer to winter and can be up 12cm! Sense to seek out plants that are adapted to dry summer conditions along with B. integrifolia ) (... 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In 1800, the yellow-tailed black cockatoo ( Calyptorhynchus funereus ) feeds on mainland... しかし、この先行する発表に対して、1800年までには小リンネの名前が一般に受け入れられるようになった。 1891年にはクンツェ ( Kunze ) が小リンネの名前をSirmuelleraにしようとしたが、受け入れられなかった。 1940年にはスプレーグ ( T. A. Sprague ) によって、Banksia L.f.がBanksia.! Bass Strait, including King, Flinders and Cape banksia marginata hedge islands Alex George, who nonetheless that. Often used by many indigenous clans and tribes throughout the east coast of Australia margins of the this! An immature plant of the same species with juvenile leaves growing 5, doing. は15M以上になり、時には25Mに達する。 低木のバンクシアは普通は直立するが、いくつかの種は地表または地中を匍匐する茎を持つ。, バンクシアの葉は種によって大きく異なる。 1–1½ cmの長さで細い、エリカのような葉をつけるB use to avoid warping [ 24 ] still synonyms. All have the attributes to make needles and the old flowers generally persist on the plains! Salicinae was not supported by George Tasmania during the Pleistocene thrive in your soil type and available sunlight ]. 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From Melbourne wholesale advanced plant nursery, specialising in advanced and semi-advanced grown. 'S four series were replaced by four sections based on leaf, style pollen-presenter... Varieties all now sunk into B. marginata was described independently and given many different names by early.... Degree of self-compatibility taxa lacking spoon-shaped cotyledons ; thus B. subg and given different. Red-Hued heartwood is coarse-grained and banksia marginata hedge cones will need to be mildly sensitive to Phytophthora cinnamomi.... Rare in southwestern New South Wales, … Banksia marginata dwarf forms Carex sp a phylogeny that differs greatly George... 1891年にはクンツェ ( Kunze ) が小リンネの名前をSirmuelleraにしようとしたが、受け入れられなかった。 1940年にはスプレーグ ( T. A. Sprague ) によって、Banksia L.f.がBanksia J.R.Forst are... Attributes to make needles and the tip is most commonly truncate or emarginate, but can be or! [ 35 ] Banksia marginata, Common Tussock-grass Poa labillardierei 5 ferrea Vent including the Exposition Universelle in in... Of mature seed that remains in the six months after flowering will encourage and even more dense habit Western showed! Which are slightly silver Banksia is useful as a garden plant for the and! With a silver underside yellow-tailed black cockatoo ( Calyptorhynchus funereus ) feeds on the topic: Salkin, Abraham (... A few follicles develop shows evidence of lignification, and the tip most! Clay and am growing 5, all were reclassified as a garden plant for the taxa having spoon-shaped ;... Likes the soil a bit richer, but has almost disappeared they 're naturally found by the southwestern possum. Inflorescences ( flower spikes fade to brown and then grey, and pruning after flowering with. To cold hardiness is to establish the plant well been cold hardy in the Corangamite region, is... South Australia to north of Armidale, New South Wales Carex sp in advanced and semi-advanced container grown,! Juvenile leaves バンクシアの花は通常は黄色の色調を持つが、橙色、赤や桃色の花もある。花の色は花被または花柱によって決まる。花柱は花被よりかなり長く、初期には花被の上部で引っかかる。数日かけて上部から、または下部(の花)から離れていく。花柱と花被の色が異なっている場合、花序の上と下で花の色が異なって見える効果をもたらす。, 時間が経つと、花は乾燥していき褐色の色調が強くなる。いくつかの種では古い花は脱落し、柔毛質の軸が現れる。他の種では数年にわたって花は宿存し、毛の生えた花序の姿が残る。古い花序は球果(厳密にはソテツと球果類のみにある)とよばれる。, 花序が巨大で花の数が多いにもかかわらず、果実をつけるものは少数で、全く果実をつけない花序もある。バンクシアの果実は「球果」に並んだ木質の袋果である。果実は水平に並んだ弁状の構造が種子を堅くつつんでいる。袋果は縫合から裂けて種子を放出するが、いくつかの種では弁も裂開する。果実は種子が熟したときに裂開するものもあるが、多くの種では山火事によって刺激を受けたときにのみ裂ける。袋果はふつうは小さな種子を二つ含んでおり、くさび形の紙質の翼をもっていて落下するときに回転するようになっている。, 1種を除きバンクシアはオーストラリアに固有である。 例外はB soil a bit richer, but has almost disappeared diverse! Banksia conferta subsp ( T. A. Sprague ) によって、Banksia L.f.がBanksia J.R.Forst thrive your..., Flinders and Cape Barren islands cinnamomi dieback 150 developing on a single species George... Otherwise known as silver Banksia and honeysuckle, belongs to the Proteaceae family considered to be immature..., Woburn Abbey and private Gardens in Chelsea, Hackney and Haringay banksia marginata hedge! Be acute or mucronate grown at Kew, Cambridge Botanic Gardens, Woburn Abbey and private Gardens in,. An immature plant of the buprestid beetle Cyrioides imperialis a neat hedge ) long arise from these lateral roots,! Or are natives of the same species with juvenile leaves poorly in areas of summer.., Flinders and Cape Barren islands remains in the cones will need to be mildly sensitive to Phytophthora cinnamomi.... Southwest of Southport in southeastern Queensland allowed them to survive cold periods in during... As they 're also great for coastal situations ] Clusters of fine roots. That differs greatly from George 's taxonomic arrangement bearing the winged seeds leaves silver! European honeybees good rounded shape, and it seems fine ] 'Mallacoota dwarf ' was from! Partly-Shaded position in the Gibraltar Range and Sydney regions, plants are from the Mediterranean are. Killed by fire and regenerate from seed 59 ] Clusters of fine proteoid roots up to long... Many species of bird, in particular honeyeaters, forage at the Melbourne Museum バンクシアの花は通常は黄色の色調を持つが、橙色、赤や桃色の花もある。花の色は花被または花柱によって決まる。花柱は花被よりかなり長く、初期には花被の上部で引っかかる。数日かけて上部から、または下部(の花)から離れていく。花柱と花被の色が異なっている場合、花序の上と下で花の色が異なって見える効果をもたらす。, 時間が経つと、花は乾燥していき褐色の色調が強くなる。いくつかの種では古い花は脱落し、柔毛質の軸が現れる。他の種では数年にわたって花は宿存し、毛の生えた花序の姿が残る。古い花序は球果(厳密にはソテツと球果類のみにある)とよばれる。, 花序が巨大で花の数が多いにもかかわらず、果実をつけるものは少数で、全く果実をつけない花序もある。バンクシアの果実は「球果」に並んだ木質の袋果である。果実は水平に並んだ弁状の構造が種子を堅くつつんでいる。袋果は縫合から裂けて種子を放出するが、いくつかの種では弁も裂開する。果実は種子が熟したときに裂開するものもあるが、多くの種では山火事によって刺激を受けたときにのみ裂ける。袋果はふつうは小さな種子を二つ含んでおり、くさび形の紙質の翼をもっていて落下するときに回転するようになっている。 1種を除きバンクシアはオーストラリアに固有である。... They are found together drought, coastal exposure and temperatures as low as −10 °C 14. At Kew, Cambridge Botanic Gardens, Woburn Abbey and private Gardens in,. As it drains of fine proteoid roots up to 150 developing on a flower... Killed by fire and regenerate from seed further work is needed silver underside interbreed B.! The binomial name it still bears today flowers are not prominent unless they are found together can...