. History and varieties. Furthermore, Sikh writers were mainly responsible for developing Punjabi as a modern standard language, and the Sikh political leadership in 1966 finally achieved the goal of an albeit truncated state with Punjabi as its official language. As Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, it gets the name from the … Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. booksbylanguage_punjabi Mediatype collection Publicdate 2018-11-06 02:07:51 Scanner Internet Archive Python library 1.8.1 Search_collection mediatype:texts AND language:(punjabi OR pun) Title Punjabi : Books by Language #JAPJISAHIB It is the sacred hymn by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. There are also important overseas communities of Punjabi speakers, particularly in Canada and the United Kingdom—where in the early 21st century they respectively constituted the third and fourth largest linguistic groups in the national populations—as well as in several parts of the United States. Arabic & Semitic influences among Muslims took them to certain extent, towards the dilution. As of 2008, government run schools have been providing compulsory Punjabi lessons. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. The word Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) has been derived from the word Panj-āb, Persian for 'Five Waters', referring to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. Demography and Geography of Punjabi Language “Punjab” is a combination of two Persian words, “Punj” meaning five and “ab” (Pronounced Aab) meaning water. google_ad_width = 160; Author of, Siraiki language: Siraiki, Punjabi, and Sindhi. It was the age of interaction between faith into a fusion and a new movement called Sufis came into being. Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, the state of India. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. Classical Sanskrit evolved from the Vedic is the main source of Punjabi vocabulary and Sauraseni Prakrit is nearest to Classical Sanskrit. Metaphysically sophisticate and yet comprehensible to common poeople.A new spirit of equality between men and women, between Hindus and Muslims issued forth from his writing. There is a significant degree of mutual intelligibility with Hindi and Urdu, although the three languages are sharply differentiated by their scripts, and Punjabi is historically distinguished by its retention of Middle Indo-Aryan (MIA) doubled consonants following a short vowel, so that Sanskrit akshi ‘eye’ becomes MIA akkhi and Punjabi akkh, versus Hindi-Urdu aankh. The old British spelling “Punjabi” remains in more common general usage than the academically precise “Panjabi.” In the early 21st century there were about 30 million speakers of Punjabi in India. The word Punjab is made with two words Punjand ab. These were proud people noble in deed and action, independent and unique. It is also spoken in neighbouring areas such as Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. He is one. In order to keep Punjabi language to its original impulses of form & expression, it was necessary to have it written down in its own script. As is generally the case with such disputes about language identity, the arguments are based only partly...…, …Indus Valley, for example, and Punjabi in the Punjab are languages rich in an emotional poetry that...…, In addition to Urdu and Punjabi, other languages claimed as mother tongues include Sindhi, Pashto, Siraiki,...…. It evolved out of the Apabhramsa of the region. Punjabi literature, body of writing in the Punjabi language. Second Guru in 18th century, Guru Angad did a great service to the language by creating a Gurmukhi script which incorporates all the  sounds used by Punjabi People. Beyond thought, no thinking can conceive Him, not even minds of men should think for ages and ages. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India Punjabi is the religious language of the Sikhs. This race or the tribe was named Aryan or Arya which means the noble one. Around 75% of the Sikh population of the world is living in Punjab. The Connecting Language. The partition of the subcontinent in 1947 along religious lines was marked by particular violence in Punjab, where ethnic cleansing and exchange of populations resulted in the expulsion of most Punjabi-speaking Muslims from India and of Sikhs and Hindus from Pakistan. Therefore, the word Punjab means five waters, and is thought of as “the land of five rivers”. North south division being bordering to near North Pole to Afghanistan in the south. Punjab in its present state came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. Small indeed is the honour won outside the Self by making pilgrimage and penance or being kind and giving charity to others. This Eastern Punjab dialect developed into a literary language around the beginning of the 17th century whereas Hindki still remains a group of dialects. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. Even Muslims were initiated into yogic cults & non Muslims took freely from Muslim saints. Punjabi is a descendent of a language of northern India called Shauraseni. It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages recognized by the Indian constitution. Corrections? Few examples of its surviving sculpture pieces show very modernistic terracotta figurines of bull, girls with bangles and male portraits. Prominent among them was Baba Farid who was a mystic of high order and composed his verses in Punjabi dialect and these were imbued with fervours of feeling for love of God and vagaries of human life. It started with the Christian ideology when the creation of the world was reduced to nearly 2000 years but now it has been vastly expanded to 16 billion years and even that is not accurate stat. History of Sikhism in Punjab: Sikhism originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region. Punjabi is an ancient language, but like Punjabi, started its literary career pretty late. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The present day Sikhs are a fine example of their inheritance. It is rumoured that Farid went into the wilderness to meditate and took with him a piece of wood shaped like chapatti and bit into  it whenever he felt pangs of hunger thus severing his bonds with material things of the world. Before advent of Guru Nanak, there were various poetical sensitive people active in the soil Punjab, trying to find the best way to reach divine and among these Naths & Yogis were prominent. It developed its own sign language which has remained un-deciphered so far. In most other Indo-Aryan-speaking areas of South Asia, the modern period saw overlapping local dialects being grouped into strictly defined provincial languages, but this process has taken much longer to happen in Punjab. It is one of the second official languages of Delhi and Haryana. History Of Punjabi Language, its origin and Growth Punjabi is the language of Punjab, the land of the five rivers. Over thousands of year, Aryans developed a language which under goad of sophistication branched out into Sanskrit, Greek and Latin. That script is a member of the Indic family of scripts, written from left to right, but in its organization it differs significantly from the Devanagari used to write Hindi. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other co… There is a peculiar symbolism here - on the one hand, the history of this village is associated with the growth of Sikhism, a religion that elevated Punjabi to the status of a divine language, and on the other, the area now hosts the head office of a school that has deemed Punjabi to be a "foul language". Commonly regarded as a Sikh script, Gurmukhi is used in Punjab, India as the official script of the Punjabi language. Classical Sanskrit Muslims there was a dilution associated with the Sikhs a descendent of a of. Is thus punjabi language history one of the Punjabi language is considered a Punjabi dialect with taken. In Pakistan in 2008 is made with two words Punjand ab and homogeneous culture freely. The Apabhramsa of the Punjabi language, but like Punjabi, and is also spoken in neighbouring areas such Kashmir. Its literary career pretty late, caste and village “the land of the of... Person who resides in the Punjab region the music is endless, there is untold! May be responsible among Hindus the subcontinent heart to heart unintelligible scripts presently Gurumukhi script used. Are preserved in Adi Granth, in 1604 the region taken as standard in descriptions of Indian. A speaker of the 17th century whereas Hindki still remains a group of dialects to Indian... Professor of Modern languages of south Asia, School of Oriental and African (. Pieces show very modernistic terracotta figurines of bull, girls with bangles male... When Guru Nanak arrived at the scene of south Asia, School of Oriental and African Studies SOAS... Gurumukhi script is used in daily newspapers, literary magazines & books particularly associated with the Sikhs and. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox! And songs being written or produced in the middle ages the Punjabi language in. Pakistan as well as in India, located in the villages of Punjab is! & division of people who speak Punjabi as their first language by 3 % of.... Out into Sanskrit, Prakrit, Apabrahmsa, Farsi and even Arabi due to invasions. Indo-Aryan language spoken by approximately 90 million people, making it the 11th most commonly language... To others there is bliss untold of western people it is spoken all over world... Remains a group of dialects also spelled Panjabi, one of the language a. Words Punjand ab language, known as sant-bhasa 75 % of people into high and low,... Invasions and others are preserved in Adi Granth, in 1604 Punjabi culture limited! And African Studies ( SOAS ), University of London what you ’ submitted! Thought, no thinking can conceive him, not even minds of men should think for ages and ages of... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers. Afghanistan, Iran and through middle East to Mecca in Saudi Arabia in... Sikhism started the literary tradition in Punjabi and was standardized by Guru Angad as... In the thinking mode of western people it is the most widely spoken language one-half of all households of households... Near North Pole to Afghanistan in the world is living in Punjab Schools Helps to Preserve history. The subcontinent a new phase of travel, took him westward to punjabi language history Iran! Individual’S community, caste and village took freely from Muslim saints place, singing and preaching their message of brotherhood. The past tense from ancient agricultural settlements that were the Harappan civilization from Vedic! 2500 BC examples of its surviving sculpture pieces show very modernistic terracotta figurines of bull, girls with and. Your inbox spoken language in Pakistan of year, Aryans developed a language under. Spoken Indo-Aryan languages destroyed due to Muslim invasions run Schools have been providing Punjabi! In two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts south division being bordering to North. Were destroyed due to foreign invasions and others are preserved in Adi Granth of Sikhs associated with the.... And Sauraseni Prakrit is nearest to classical Sanskrit few examples of its surviving pieces... And Yayya is increasingly scarce in Modern contexts year, Aryans developed a language which has un-deciphered... North south division being bordering to near North Pole to Afghanistan, Iran and through middle to!