These are available in ready-to-spray, hose-end sprayers, or granular formulations. Their primary diet is earthworms with a few insects – beetle larvae and adults, ants, wasps, and flies tossed in as appetizers. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2366 | Updated: Oct 15, 2020 | Print, A mole is 4-7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws.Courtesy of Mississippi State University Extension Service. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. These opportunists will dig characteristic golf ball-sized exit holes in previously established mole tunnels. Place a box or bucket over the trap as voles prefer to take the bait from under cover. Mole tunnels, however, may raise the surface when they are not deep but are still entirely covered. A harpoon style mole trap may be used in an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Moles are usually larger than voles, with very small eyes and ears. It is important to know the difference between mole and vole damage to the landscape. Mole Tunnels Mole mounds are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds (Comparison of Gopher and Mole Mounds). Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Tails on mice are long – nearly as long as their bodies – and lightly furred or almost naked. VOLES vs. MOLES What IS the difference? This adaptation allows moles to travel both forward and backward through the soil. Voles are herbivores, and they only eat plants. You can tell a vole vs mole often by size. As both pests carry infectious diseases and parasites, it is important to wear disposable gloves when handling the dead animals. The diet of a mole is different form a vole. Moles and Voles are often confused for one another, but when viewed closely, one can differentiate, between the two, quite easily. Pine voles will destroy the root systems of plants and trees. And if any lawn and garden pest can literally beat a path through the grass due to their sheer numbers, its the voles. There are three mole species in North Carolina but only two reside in The Triangle, the other species lives in more elevated areas such as the mountains of Western North Carolina. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. Due to the temporary residual nature of castor oil products for repelling moles and voles, they are not very effective. In mulch, voles make paths by pushing the mulch out of the way. Moles have ears and eyes so small that they are barely visible to the human eye. This will also protect children, pets, or other animals from encountering the trap. Mole fur is short, soft, velvety, and when brushed offers no resistance in either direction. Look for a product that says it’s effective against moles and voles. (Photo courtesy of Missouri Botanical Garden ) Mole Run: Moles prefer to dig and then live in underground tunnels; see this example of a mole run on a lawn. It works by making the soil smell bad to their noses. At this time, the grubs are small and close to the surface, so the contact insecticide will be very effective in eradicating the young grubs. © Copyright Critter Control. Moles are most active in the early morning and late evening on cloudy days during the spring and fall. Offspring may number from four to seven each year. They are not commonly discussed or talked about, but they are surely annoying and pesky. You can also make your lawn inhospitable to voles. The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backward in the tunnels. However, each are very distinct and cause distinct damage to lawns and gardens. There are many differences exhibited between moles and voles. Voles look like field mice with short tails, compact heavy bodies, small eyes, and partially hidden ears. A mole is a carnivore that eats worms, insects, ants, and other animals. This equates to a 5-ounce mole eating 50 pounds of its prey in a year. Mothballs also do not work, and it is illegal to use as it is considered a misuse of a pesticide. Moles “M” meat-eaters Identification and Diet Moles have enlarged front feet and claws, perfect for digging and tunneling, dense dark grey hair, a long pointed nose, and eyes and ears that are barely visible. Voles have long, naked tails help with balance and can be useful in distinguishing between voles, moles and other common garden pests. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. Granular products are easier to apply but be sure to irrigate with at least ½ inch of water immediately after application. Despite their differences, both pests, cause collateral damage to turf and ornamental plants alike. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Also another distinguishing factor is the depth at which the two dig their “houses’ with moles creating very complex networks of feeding tunnels under the soil surface and sleep deeper into the soil, voles prefer closer to the surface burrows with direct access to low lying vegetation. Unlike voles, moles are actually not rodentsat all and instead belong to the mammal family known as insectivores. Poisons are usually the first method that a homeowner thinks of but is not necessarily the most effective or best choice. Increase your knowledge on how to identify moles, voles, and gophers and learn how to rid your lawn of these pests! However, there are true moles and other moles in different parts of the world. They do not share their habitat with other moles except during mating season. Often, however, these methods are not very effective. The easiest way to identify a mole is by locating golf ball sized holes in the lawn. Vole Damage. Moles are expert diggers that will consume up to 60 to 100% of their body weight in insects, grubs, and earthworms each day. If you have vole signs Follow the 4 Steps to Vole Control: Step 1 - Learn Even More About Voles. As earlier mentioned, voles consume plants, and thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to your garden. Either bury them or place them in plastic bags in the trash. Vole run: Voles can dig big holes, but prefer to live on the bark, seeds, and the roots of plants. Shrew: A shrew has a pointed snout, and non-enlarged feet (unlike the mole). The vole must eat the bait on five consecutive days to get enough of a dose to kill him. Another thing to keep in mind is that while voles are rodents, moles are not. Almost all of our customers are able to spot mole … Look for the broom handle sized holes in the beds; a sure sign of vole activity. Moles also have oversized paddle-like paws that they use to move through soil quickly when making tunnels. They also frequently create shallow holes in the ground. As mentioned earlier, the mole and vole are two very different animals. You can think of vole travel paths as ruts. If a live trap is used, remember that the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources does not allow relocation of trapped animals to another location due to animal and human disease exposure; therefore, the captured animals will have to be euthanized. One day a plant will be beautiful, and a few days later, it will have fallen over with the roots gnawed off. Fall and late winter are the best times to trap voles. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Mole Tunnels. Voles construct well-defined, visible tunnels, or \"runways\" at or near the surface, about two inches wide. If you’ve discovered critters in your yard, Call 1-800-CRITTER, Mole Image Credits - Kenneth Catania, Vanderbilt University. Now that you have understood the differences between vole vs mole, you may want to dig deeper about the voles. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Moles, voles and shrew behavior In addition to different physical characteristics, moles, voles and shrews each live in different habitats and have distinct food preferences. Their food sources typically consist of seeds, bugs, tree bark, and plants. There are other types of baits, but the warfarin baits pose the least danger to children and pets because there is an antidote to warfarin. Step 4 - Shop Here Mole signs. Moles, voles, and gophers are often confused for one another. Barbara H. Smith, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Most vole damage occurs during the winter months because it is easier for them to obtain their food while being protected by snow cover. They consume that grass and also use it to build nests. Traps should be placed over an active tunnel and are the most effective in the fall and winter months. The most effective way to control voles is through habitat modification since they require cover and do not like to feed in the open. (You won’t notice a thing.) Mole: has pointed snout, enlarged front feet, and ears and eyes so tiny that they are not visible. Voles are burrowers, but their tunnels are far subtler than moles as they do not leave mounds of dirt. Voles are herbivores that eat the plants on the ground. Shrews hunt for insects above ground and in tunnels made by moles or voles. Vole Tunnels To protect an area from a vole infestation, a wire fence with a mesh of ¼ inch or smaller will help exclude them. Vole Control. Voles “V”, on the other hand, are vegetarians and eat the roots and stems of plants. Meadow voles are much larger and live most of their lives above ground, whereas pine voles are much smaller and live almost all their lives underground. Rabbits dont have anything over this pesky rodent. Voles are too often not dealt with in the flower beds. Neither of these methods is completely successful, as the moles will switch to other prey. Voles are mouse-sized, shrew-like creatures with dark fur. If you grow fruits or veggies, they will definitely eat those things. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Voles are 5 to 8 inches long and have prominent orange teeth for gnawing plant roots and stems. Trapping is one of the most successful ways to get rid of moles. They can be extremely damaging to trees and will often tear through the bark all the way around. If you realize that the mole is mainly a meat eater, whereas the vole is mainly a vegetarian, you'll know that they will not necessarily be attracted to the same baits (should you decide to try to catch one of these garden pests). That means the bait must be replenished every two days. This will last for about two weeks. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. As the snow gradually melts away here in the northern U.S., we're getting increased calls for Vole control. They breed with great fecundity and are sometimes seen aboveground. Because these products are systemic within the turfgrass, they will last the entire growing season. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. Voles prefer to take bait from under cover.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. (Some homeowners mistakenly believe that treating their lawns for grubs will repel moles. There are several different types of mole traps, such as harpoon, impaling, choker, pitfall, or scissor-jawed available on the market. Now back to the basic question: we know about voles; what about the moles! If it rains during that time, the product will have to be reapplied. The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. One way to distinguish the difference is by the diet of each animal. Application in the late summer or fall is not as effective, as the older grubs will go deeper in the soil and are harder to kill. (In mice that have nearly bald ears, their tail is typically also nearly bald.) Do not use if irrigation is frequently run in the area as watering will quickly dilute the castor oil. If you would like a free estimate on rodent control and mole or vole services, please call 1 … The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in law… Mole vs Vole . A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. There are a number of available poison baits, but these pose a hazard to humans, pets, and other wildlife and may enter the water supply. These two species, the eastern mole and the star-nosed mole, are both rather small, weigh just a few ounces, are furry, can’t see and burrow around in the dirt. The biggest problem with voles is that they will eat almost anything. Moles are carnivorous so they are hunting for insects, grubs, or worms. Nothing is more frustrating to a homeowner with a beautiful lawn than to see molehills all over the yard. Since voles and mice are both around five to eight inches long and have gray or brown fur, it may take a closer look to tell them apart. I… All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. For more information on grub control, please see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. Critter Control Logo. Although mole and vole do sound informally similar, they are different animals of two taxonomic orders. Vole damage in yards is often seen by the lengthy pathways they create. Poisoned gummy worms or pellets with an active ingredient of bromethalin may be inserted in an active tunnel, but they may pose a hazard to humans and pets and may possibly enter the wildlife food chain. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Moles leave unsightly dirt hills on landscapes. A good way of spotting a vole infestation is by looking for tiny three-inch holes. Moles live underground in tunnels, and are predatory in nature. Voles have shorter, furrier tails, but in many cases, a mouse that has had its tail caught and nipped off by a predator or trap may look like a vole. Keep turfgrass mowed and dethatched regularly, and keep mulch cleared from around tree bases. The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backwards in the tunnels. According to Ohio State University, a five-ounce mole will consume 45 … Moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet consists of insects, grubs, and earthworms. Vole Mole Shrew Moles, voles and shrew behavior Voles leave smaller runways and an entrance to their burrow. Again, read and follow the label instructions carefully. Vole runways result from the voles eating the grass blades, as well as from the constant traffic of numerous little feet beating the same path. There are many methods advertised for removing moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to deter them. It will need to be 12 inches above ground with 6-10 inches buried into the ground to prevent the vole from burrowing under the fence. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. All rights reserved. Snap traps, such as a mousetrap baited with peanut butter, are not effective in catching moles. Moles live underground and prefer to live solitary, isolated lives. A vole may be attracted to peanut butter as bait; a mole most likely will not. If you have an active vole or mole problem, apply castor oil repellent to lawn and planting beds. The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in the lawn each day. Meadow voles look like field mice with short tails.Courtesy of John White, Pine voles create golf ball-sized exit holes in their tunnels.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. There are many different types of vole traps that can be found at your local hardware or garden supply stores. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Moles breed in the early spring and sometimes in late winter. When using any type of poison or chemical, carefully read and follow the label instructions. This makes concave little passageways open to the surface. A mole is classified as a mammal (a member of the family Talpidae ), while a vole is categorized as a rodent (from the family Cricetidae). Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. • Voles are small rodents (field mouse size) that eat tree bark, grass, and other vegetation (herbivore). Using a grub treatment for a lawn is a common practice but is not environmentally sound as it affects the food supply for other wildlife. If poison baits are left in place, they have the potential of being washed into water sources. Moles. Step 3 - Locate "Hot Spots" of Vole Activity. Step 2 - Learn About the System. Voles are social animals and share their habitat with other adult voles along with their babies. Little passageways open to the landscape with very small eyes, and a few days,. €œV”, on the label mind is that they use to move easily forward and backward through the bark seeds. 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